An eye is a very delicate organ which should be treated with extra concern and tenderness to prevent damage. Eye surgery is also known as ocular surgery, it is generally fulfilled by an ophthalmologist (specialist eye doctor).
A knowledgeable and a skillful eye surgeon is responsible to take up appropriate precautions to heal the eye, there are 3 types of eye specialist ophalmologist (they handle eye surgeries and medicate eye diseases), optician (they render eyeglasses lenes and frames) and optometrist (they are eye care specialist who aid ophalmologist).
Your ophthalmologist feels that you require specific care and treatment for your eye problem then he may advocate you to a subspecialist, for example cornea specialist or LASIK surgeon helps to cure the issues that affect cornea, they achieve a specific refractive surgery known as LASIK and corneal transplant.
There Are Various Methods Of Eye Surgeries:
Types Of Eye Surgeries By Disease.
· Cataract Surgery
It is also known as lens replacement surgery. It is a very common and a safe surgery procedure where the natural eye lens is replaced with an artificial eye lens. Cataract surgery is performed to treat cataracts. (It is a medical condition where the lens of the eyes develops blurry vision).
· Glaucoma Surgery
Glaucoma is a disease that damages the eye’s optic nerve, it happens when fluid is gathered in the front part of the eye. It increases the pressure in the eye. In this operation, the surgeon plants a tube inside the white part which sucks out the extra fluid lowering the pressure of the eye.
· Corneal Transplant
There are many types of corneal surgeries, where the damaged cornea is treated.
· Full Thickness Corneal Transplant
If both the inner and outer corneal layers are damaged, the ophthalmologist will perform a penetrating keratoplasty (PK) to remove the damaged tissue and replace your cornea with a donor cornea.
· Partial Thickness Corneal Transplant
This eye surgery is done for repairing the damage of a particular layer of cornea by replacing the tissues.
· Retinal Surgery
Retina is the most important part of our eye, any disease that damages the retina directly damages the vision, in this treatment it secures the position of retina and prevents fluid acquisition.
· Squint Surgery
Squint or strabismus are eye disease, squint surgery heals the squints.
· Oculoplastic Surgery
It is also known as ophthalmic plastic surgery; it is the surgery which is related to the surrounding structures of the eye to remove the distress and grief of the eye.
Types Of Eye Surgeries By Area
· Anterior Chamber Surgery
It is the surgery which is performed on the iris and lens, in this surgery it controls the amount of light that enters the eye by opening and closing pupil.
· Posterior Chamber Surgery
This surgery is performed between iris, zonule fibers and lens it involves the circulation of structure
· Eyelids Surgery
The eyelid surgery is known as blepharoplasty which removes fat skin fat and redefines the shape of eye.
· Corneal Surgery
It involves cornea operation where the part of the cornea is replaced with a corneal tissue from a donor.
Types Of Corrective Eye Surgeries
Laser- assisted in situ keratomileusis, LASIK is one of the types of laser eye surgery, it is performed for cosmetic reason, it is used to cure the vision problems, During LASIK surgery a special type cutting laser is used to change the shape of cornea for clear vision.
A good LASIK surgeon treats people who have myopia, hyperopia an even astigmatism.
· Laser Eye Surgery
Laser surgery includes the usage of laser to recover the eyesight problems. There are many laser eye surgery alternatives.
· Photorefractive Keratectomy
PRK is a type of refractive surgery. This kind of surgery is done by a laser, to treat vision problems caused by refractions. This surgery is when eye does not refract (bend) light properly. With PRK, ophthalmologist uses a laser to change the shape of your cornea. This improves the way light rays are focused on the retina.
· Small-Incision Lenticule Extraction (SMILE)
This new type of refractive surgery which shapes the cornea differently by using a laser to treat myopia and astigmatism.
· Intraocular Lenses
An intraocular lens (or IOL) is a tiny, artificial lens for the eye which is replaced in the eye’s natural lens that is removed during cataract surgery.
Bioptics includes a method, such as intraocular lenses and LASIK, to treat nearsightedness or farsightedness. LASIK surgeon performs the laser eye surgeries.
With the evolution, creation and innovation of technologies, performing eye surgery has comparatively become little less complicated and straightforward to understand the issue.